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There Will Not Be Health Care Reform in 2009…

…without Republican leadership.

I will suggest that there is an opportunity for the Republicans to
score a huge political and policy win. It can be done in a bipartisan
way and it can be done in a way that does not sell out the core
principles that either Republicans or Democrats believe in.It would require a new effort—a clean sheet—this time initiated by the Republicans.The
Republicans have won August. No doubt about it. But they have “won,”
not because they actually did anything to deserve the win—they pretty
much sat back and let political gravity do all of the work.Now what? Do Republicans really think they can sit back and do nothing for three or four more months and come out “winners?”At this rate, this health care debate is headed for a stalemate that will not do the country, nor either party, any good.

More,
I don’t know any leading Republicans who don’t think this health care
system is in crisis, that we have to bring our costs under control, and
every responsible American should have health insurance.

The
Democrats could just be on their way to a health care reform
“Waterloo”—again. Letting them implode on their own—with a little bit
of help from the far right—is a tantalizing proposition. But it is not
a terribly patriotic one.I will also suggest that the American
people are smart enough to know the difference between a Republican
Party that reaches out to take a constructive role in turning this
around as opposed to the party of “No” that backs themselves into an
accidental “win.”For Republicans who think they can again
convert the Democrats’ health care problems into a big election victory
in 2010, there is one huge difference between this battle and 1994. In
1994 the Congressional Republicans hadn’t been in power for
decades—they had new and intriguing ideas. After the American voters’
verdict in the 2006 and 2008 elections, it is clear the American people
don’t exactly see Republicans as a new and intriguing brand.It’s
pretty clear that the Republicans have as great a need to prove
something to voters, as do the Democrats. Republican leaders just
sitting there letting the talkmeisters do their work for them isn’t
going to turn around voters’ perceptions of the Republican Party.I
will also suggest there is a pathway Republicans can be enthusiastic
about suggesting to Democrats, that there already is precedence for,
and about which Democrats should be able to become enthusiastic.I would suggest four ideas for the Republicans:1. Propose Bulletproof Health Care Security
– Lots of Americans, especially those with health insurance, are
worried health reform will hurt them. Republicans have a chance to put
those fears to bed. They can propose that the President, the Congress,
and all federal political appointees should have to get their health
care from that same health insurance exchange regular citizens would
use in the community in which their families live. Insurance
underwriting reform would be part of it.That guy we saw in a
town hall this month screaming at his Senator could be a lot more
comfortable knowing he would get exactly the same health insurance
choices his Senator—and his President—got.This approach would
send a message that everyone could be confident about because their
elected officials would be in the same boat.It is also clear
that most Democrats and Republicans can agree on leaving the
employer-based system of health insurance alone—including ERISA. This
would give individuals the right to keep the employer plan they now
have or join their elected officials in the insurance exchange. It is
the citizens’ choice—whatever leaves them wealthier and happier.With
this approach, Republicans can combine the kind of insurance networks
the conservative Heritage Foundation has argued on behalf of for years
with the kind of health insurance Ted Kennedy called for in his recent Newsweek essay.2. Medical Malpractice Reform
– None of the Democratic bills that have made it through committee even
mention it. There won’t be any compromise between Democrats and
Republicans over the old arguments about whether or not we need to cap
damages. But the thinking over malpractice has evolved greatly in
recent years—health courts, for example, designed to quickly resolve medical injury claims and promote medical error reporting toward improved quality.In
candidate Obama’s health care plan document he called for “promot[ing]
new models for addressing physician errors that improve patient
safety.” Sounds like health courts to me. Republicans should call him
out on it by putting it in their offer!3. Paying for It
– It is gratifying that both Republicans and Democrats see the need to
give families not covered by employer plans the subsidies they need to
buy health insurance. Of course, that is by far the greatest cost in
any bill.I was struck by a recent Washington Post op-ed
written by the co-sponsors of the Wyden-Bennett Healthy Americans
Act—six Democrats and one independent plus five Republicans. In it,
they said:

“The Democrats among us accepted an end
to the tax-free treatment of employer-sponsored health insurance;
instead, everyone—not just those who currently get insurance through
their employer—would get a generous standard deduction that they would
use to buy insurance—and keep the excess if they buy a less expensive
policy.“The Republicans agreed to require all individuals to
have coverage and to provide subsidies where necessary to ensure that
everyone can afford it. Most have agreed to require employers to
contribute to the system and to pay workers wages equal to the amount
the employer now contributes for health care.”

Let me
suggest that Republican Senators Bennett, Gregg, Crapo, Graham, and
Alexander are showing the way. Republicans don’t need to sign-on to the
entire Wyden-Bennett bill so much as recognize that these bipartisan
Senators have found a way to reorganize and modernize existing health
care tax incentives toward raising revenue and making the system more
efficient in a way that appeals to both parties.

And, it is
notable that these Republicans and Democrats have also compromised on
ways to reform the medical malpractice system with some unique ideas.

Wyden-Bennett
is a model that covers everyone and is deficit neutral in the second
year after it is enacted—and begins to bend costs down in the third
year.

4. Tough Cost Containment – Liberals tend to believe that the best way to control costs is with the public option. I disagree with that
just like Republicans do—I see it as a means to artificially suppress
provider payments but not get at the waste in the volume of care that
is really at the crux of the cost issue.

But what I have been
gratified by are all of the liberals who say passing a health care bill
would not be health care reform—more that it would be a wasteful
exercise—without cost containment. I doubt there are any conservatives
who would disagree with that statement!

August has proven that the public plan option is not tenable—as a cost containment device or anything else.So how could both parties agree on containing costs?

I have suggested something I call the Affordability Model.
Simply, we set and phase-in affordability goals for health care a
number of years down the line. Insurance companies, doctors, hospitals,
drug makers, and everyone else in the system gets to do business in the
way they believe will improve cost and quality. Patients get to choose
any health plan available in their market—a completely free market.
Republicans ought to like that.

The networks of insurers,
doctors, hospitals, and drug companies that are right in their choices
and meet the cost containment goals would get to continue to offer
their services and products through networks as tax deductible health
plans for employers and consumers. The networks that don’t control
their costs or maintain their quality will not be attractive to
patients and employers. They will also not be tax deductible any
longer—a meaningful government enforcement mechanism. More, if there
were not any affordable networks available at the end of the period, a
government plan would be made available. Democrats ought to like the
enforceability of it all.

***

There are a number of other
health care proposals both Republicans and Democrats can agree on such
as greater use of health information technology, prevention, wellness,
and comparative effectiveness research.

One can see a pathway to a very meaningful reform of America’s health care system that both sides could agree to.

But
with the politics of health care now so polarized who is in the best
position to extend the “olive branch” and break the impasse? I believe
it is the Republicans who hold the keys to a breakthrough. A
breakthrough that would be bipartisan and therefore one the American
people could have confidence in. A Republican led bipartisan
breakthrough on health care also wouldn’t hurt anyone’s confidence in
the American political system.

Which course will most likely lead to a Republican return to power?

Sitting on their hands watching somebody else’s “Waterloo”—or demonstrating real leadership?

Robert Laszweski has been a fixture in Washington health policy
circles for the better part of three decades. He currently serves as
the president of Health Policy and Strategy Associates of Alexandria,
Virginia. Before forming HPSA in 1992, Robert served as the COO, Group
Markets, for the Liberty Mutual Insurance Company. You can read more of
his thoughtful analysis of healthcare industry trends at The Health
Policy and Marketplace Blog
, where this post first appeared.

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Imperial Countygodofamericajohn magerselfreliantWendell Murray Recent comment authors
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Imperial County
Guest

I was wishing I might locate an report similar to this with all the current info I desired to acquire my own term paper completed…. Many thanks.

godofamerica
Guest
godofamerica

As long as the current Legislative system don’t reform, there will not be Healthcare for 2009, 2010… and forever, because these smart senators will forever battle for their rich corps and lobbies, they know the voters can only pay their $100000 salaries and full coverage Healthcare, but it is their corp supporters who buying their carreer and long term profit. So they have to trade off 40000 poor American lives annual, leaving those die off, those are dying anyway and mostly they don’t have voice, and their votes are sacrificiable, because most of cannot even stay alive voting four another… Read more »

john mager
Guest
john mager

Dear Mr. Laszewski: Unfortunately, your comments are not at all unusual. Actually,fairly well-expressed. Problem(s): lack of basic knowledge of the “free market” and “competition”, and of basic knowledge of human nature and the history of the United States of America. So to address all the resultant twists and turns of mispresentation and ill advice,is to my consideration a tiring waste of time. Starting with the basics: learn about consumer behavior and responsibility. This will require a careful re-examination of the tenets of collectivism and accountability. Only a comprehensive resolution of the basics will permit the examination of public policy as… Read more »

john mager
Guest
john mager

test

selfreliant
Guest
selfreliant

If you give it away, those who receive will not need to improve themselves to provide for thier family. They will sit back and let the government do that. Take enough from the producers and they will stop producing. This, I think, is what could be the straw that breaks America’s back. More receivers than producers. Receivers voting more for them to receive and to take more from producers. Good ideas for cost savings ! Also, it may be possible to only sell catastrophic medical insurance instead of all inclusive. Put the dollars spent back into the people who receive… Read more »

Wendell Murray
Guest

If Republican politicians had any brains – something they seem to lack – they would do what at the time only a cold-warrior anti-Communist type such as Nixon could do: embrace China, i.e. strongly advocate the only reform measures that reduce medical service costs, yet provide universal payment (insurance) coverage for USA residents. 1. Explain that costs for medical services in the USA are much too high 2. Point out that individual residents collectively and ultimately pay the full cost of the vast overcharging without any control over it 3. Specifically identify what parties gain from this vast overpayment by… Read more »

Alexander Saip
Guest

Appropriateness assumes that there are well defined and constantly updated rules how to diagnose the main problem and choose the most efficient treatment plan, taking into account other conditions, medications, social and family history, advance directives, etc, as well as when to resort to palliative care. As long as the rules are followed, that would provide legal protections to physicians and other medical professionals against lawsuits. I don’t think we are anywhere close to a system like that. I am not sure it is even possible, even though some pieces seem implementable.

Popster
Guest

Margalit, in a rational health care system (which ours is not), the principle issue would be “appropriate” care, not “affordability”. Affordability is a secondary or tertiary concern after we have seen to it that our health care system assures appropriate care. Contained within the concept of appropriate care is your “cost effectiveness” and perhaps more importantly, optimized costs. Appropriate care is defined as the necessary and sufficient care required to bring about recovery. In a perfect health care system all care would be appropriate and costs would be optimized.

Margalit Gur-Arie
Guest

I don’t know about “affordability”, Bob. Affordable to whom? Is it just another term for “cheap”, or less than a certain preset cost? My concern is that if cost is the criterion for tax benefits, there are many ways to make plans cheap, none of which is conducive to quality outcomes. I know you are addressing the quality issue, but it’s too vague and the quality question is the biggest one if we are serious about reform. Anybody can cut costs by denying care and cutting reimbursements to providers. Maybe we should replace “affordability” with “cost effectiveness”, but I don’t… Read more »

Nate
Guest
Nate

“an opposition with the ability to gridlock the Senate”
actually theorajones they don’t have the ability to gridlock the senate, that is why the 60 vote super majority was such a big deal. Democrats can pass anything they want at any time through both chambers and have it signed by the President. You and those on the left have no excuse for not passing what you believe in, no one is stopping you.
about those lies…..

theorajones
Guest
theorajones

If Republicans were really willing to vote for something that looked like the Wyden-Bennett bill, Democrats would support it. But, uh, even BENNETT doesn’t really support the Wyden-Bennett bill. He’s reneged on getting rid of the employer subsidy. Which is the core of the bill. There’s a lot of “better” ways we could have done health reform. But fundamentally, once the Republicans made the political calculation to oppose this bill and to lie their heads off about its provisions, the die was cast. None of these “better” approaches can be achieved against an opposition with the ability to gridlock the… Read more »

Jessica
Guest
Jessica

The Health Care system needs much more than just financial considerations and availability. Much more needs to be done to see that the professionals providing the care are actually qualified professionals and they are using their skills to HEAL, not just line their own pockets at the expense of hurting others. In addition to my own bad experiences attempting to gain quality care, as well as thousands of others seen on the internet, I’ve recently been emailed a link to a new blog with a story far worse than my own, and he/she has apparently only begun to tell their… Read more »

Nate
Guest
Nate

My 10 line answer.
1. Medicare secondary payor, COBRA, and other laws that make it to risky for small employers to self fund and participate in risk.
2. HIPAA and ADA discrimination laws and their application to benefits. We can’t effectively target high cost individuals without breaking the law.
3. HIPAA privacy rules carriers hide behind to deny employers access to the data they need to manage their plans.
4. Benefit mandates of questionable value.
Look forward to your response Gregg

Popster
Guest

Writing as a republican who truly cares about health care availability, my health care, and the cost of care, I tremendously appreciate Bob’s help in leading my thoughts through the health care reform morass. Having considered his suggestions for us republicans, I have some suggestions of my own. 1.”They can propose that the President, the Congress, and all federal political appointees should have to get their health care from that same health insurance exchange regular citizens would use in the community in which their families live. Insurance underwriting reform would be part of it.” Oh right, that’s going to happen.… Read more »

DrWonderful
Guest
DrWonderful

Actually there will never be true reform until the health insurance industry loses their anti-trust exemption that allows them to collude and price fix. We need to repeal that exemption if we ever want them to compete against each other.