Now that I’ve reached my mid-50s, I sometimes think about retirement, and to be honest it worries me.
I’m not talking about the typical things you worry about pre-retirement, such as the loss of income or lifestyle changes. I worry about what will happen to my patients.
Why? For the simple reason that it will be hard to replace me. This isn’t my ego talking: there simply aren’t nearly enough new surgeons coming along to replace me – or my other contemporaries, for that matter.
I work in Glasgow, Montana, a town of 3,500 in northeastern Montana that is about as rural as it gets. I serve more than 20,000 patients in an area that runs 100 or more miles in every direction except north past the Canadian border. I’ve been on call essentially every hour of every day since I came to Montana over 20 years ago.
Don’t get me wrong, I’m not complaining, I actually love what I do. I am challenged each day, do interesting work, and I’m not worried about losing my job or becoming obsolete. I have the rewards of working with dedicated people and feeling that my work makes a difference in people’s lives. But the problem is that this life isn’t for everyone. The hours can be long, the on call duty constant, and the environment somewhat isolated. And even students who want to be rural surgeons may feel compelled to choose other specialties or areas to live in order to be able to pay off their staggering medical school debt loads which are easily over $100,000.
But, this is a bigger issue than who will replace me someday in Glasgow. A couple of weeks ago, I was in Washington, D.C. for the first time in 15 years, to be part of an expert panel looking at the shortage of surgeons and its impact on patient access to quality surgical care. The panel was a part of a new campaign, Operation Patient Access , to call attention to this issue. One of my fellow panelists, a surgeon workforce researcher, said that there is an inadequate supply of surgeons in 70 percent of rural areas and 20 percent of urban areas.
Rural areas like mine are particularly hard hit – studies indicate that in the next few years two out of every five rural hospitals won’t have a surgeon on staff and, as a result, may have to cut back services or close down altogether. There are a variety of reasons for the shortage – not enough doctors are in training to become surgeons, there are concerns about lifestyle issues, more uninsured patients, declining reimbursements, liability issues – you name it.
And, the shortage will get worse before it gets better: A third of surgeons are, like me, within a decade of retirement, and there aren’t nearly enough medical students coming up through the pipeline to replace us. Given the long time it takes to train a surgeon, the pipeline won’t be fixed any time soon.
We’re already feeling the effects of the shortage in my region. Twice a month, I pack up my SUV with supplies, and a nurse and I drive to another town 70 miles west. During the second week of the month, we go 50 miles to the East – a stop I had to add several years ago because the hospital there wasn’t able to keep a surgeon on staff.
Most days of the month, my patients take a long, bumpy ride to Glasgow from a hundred or more miles away – and often face long waits before they can see me. When I’m out of town and their need is urgent, my patients are forced to take an air ambulance to another hospital at least 150 miles away, or further.
Are there solutions to these problems? I certainly hope so. But it’s going to take a lot of work and changes in many aspects of training, practice, and support. Hopefully more new students will be attracted to health care as a career, and come to see the rewards of a rural practice as well as the challenges. Meanwhile, our elected officials in Washington can help ease the shortage by passing good health care reform policies, finding ways to attract, train and retain more surgeons (especially in areas where there are shortages), fixing the Medicare system, and putting limits on malpractice suits.
They need to act soon and show that I’m not the only one worrying about what will happen to my patients.
Anne Williams, MD, FACS, is a general surgeon with a private practice in Glasgow, Mont. She is board certified by the American Board of Surgery, a fellow of the American College of Surgeons (ACS) and a member of the Association of Women Surgeons and the Parkland Surgical Society. Dr. Williams also serves as member-at-large of the board of governors of the ACS, and is a member of the Montana Committee on Trauma, the Eastern Montana Regional Trauma Advisory Committee, and the Montana EMS Medical Directors Subcommittee.Dr. Williams received her medical degree from the University of California, San Diego and completed her residency at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center.