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Gastric bypass

Obesity affects two-thirds of the adults population. Where the reduction of weight can be initially managed with dieting, increasing energy expenditure through exercise, bariatric surgeries are also an alternative to aid weight loss. The following article will provide information about gastric bypass- a bariatric surgery.

 

Bariatric surgery

 

The branch of surgery involves techniques that assist in reducing weight, by changing how the body deals with food. Mainly comprising of manipulation of the stomach and small intestine, two of the major site of food absorption. The procedures are indicated for obese or people with a body mass index (BMI) of more than 40 or above.

 

Gastric banding, gastric bypass, and sleeve gastrectomy are some examples of bariatric surgery. Gastric bypass is the most commonest of them, making up to 45% of all the surgeries. The surgery involves shortening your gastric pouch, converting your stomach such that so it has a vertical orientation and lesser curvature. Leaving a part intact for the purpose of minerals and vitamin absorption.

 

How does gastric bypass work in reducing body weight:

 

The gastric bypass reduces weight by decreasing appetite and early satiety due to changes in the gut hormone level. The combination of restriction of food and little malabsorption of calories aid in weight loss.

 

Recently laparoscopic gastric bypass surgeries have become more popular among clinicians and patients. It is a minimal invasion method to do gastric bypass by making only a few holes in your abdominal wall. Laparoscopic gastric bypass gives the following benefits over open abdominal wall surgeries under general anesthesia;

Enhanced recovery: people going for gastric bypass with laparoscopic set-up have no open route for infections, saving them from post-operation complications.

Early mobilization: since the surgery leaves only a small mark on your body, the lack of pain let the person go back to his/her daily life quickly after the surgery.

What can go wrong after a laparoscopic gastric bypass:

 

Every surgery has its own merits and demerits, similarly, after laparoscopic gastric bypass internal hernia (displacement of an organ from its normal position), leak from anastomosis (artificial junction made during surgery), and weight regain can become a problem in rare cases.

 

That is the reason why you would need follow-up, where your doctor can assess how well you are doing after surgery. To avoid any delayed complications annual complete blood count, urea, electrolytes, HbA1c along with liver function test, ferritin, folate, Vitamin D, Calcium, and parathyroid hormone at 3-, 6-, and 12-month, may be required.

 

Your surgeon will prescribe some supplements like vitamins, minerals, folic acid, and Vitamin b12, to compensate for your dietary requirements. The diet plan by a nutritionist will also be given to the patients.

 

If you have struggled with being overweight, and fat accumulation has been a problem for you, then gastric bypass may be the best option to decline weight and start living your life to the fullest. Many hospitals have separate multidisciplinary teams comprising surgeons, paramedic staff, and diet experts to guide you through your weight loss journey. So do not hesitate and take help from experienced personnel with updated innervations to lose weight.

 

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