The huge fuss over Paula Deen’s type 2 diabetes is understandable. She is, after all, the queen of high-calorie Southern cooking. And diabetes rates are especially high in the South.
Perhaps less understandable is the reaction of the American Diabetes Association. As reported in the New York Times,
Heredity, according to the American Diabetes Association, always plays some part. “You can’t just eat your way to Type 2 diabetes,” said Geralyn Spollett, the group’s director of education.
Wrong. You most definitely can eat your way to type 2 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes is closely linked to overweight and obesity. No, not everyone who is overweight develops type 2 diabetes. But most people who have type 2 diabetes are overweight.
The first line of defense? Lose a few pounds. Even a relatively small reversal of calorie balance can make symptoms of type 2 diabetes disappear and reduce or eliminate the need for drugs.
Mrs. Deen does not mention weight as a factor in her disease, or losing weight as an effective treatment.
Instead, she is now a spokesperson for the drug Victoza.
According to the Times’ account, Mrs. Dean says that it is elitist to criticize her food:
You know, not everybody can afford to pay $58 for prime rib or $650 for a bottle of wine. My friends and I cook for regular families who worry about feeding their kids and paying the bills.
Really? Does Mrs. Deen think those families can afford to pay the $500 a month drug companies charge for Victoza?
Victoza costs in other ways too. It has to be injected and is not exactly benign.
Victoza® is not recommended as the first medication to treat diabetes. Victoza® is not insulin and has not been studied in combination with insulin…It is not known if Victoza® is safe and effective in children. Victoza® is not recommended for use in children
In animal studies, Victoza® caused thyroid tumors—including thyroid cancer—in some rats and mice. It is not known whether Victoza® causes thyroid tumors or a type of thyroid cancer called medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) in people which may be fatal if not detected and treated early…Inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis) may be severe and lead to death.
The company also advises:
Victoza® is an injectable prescription medicine that may improve blood sugar (glucose) in adults with type 2 diabetes when used along with diet and exercise.
Diet and exercise? Why not just do that in the first place?
As for the American Diabetes Association: its disinterest in promoting diet and exercise is easily explained. It is funded by drug companies.
I gave a talk at an annual meeting of the Association a few years ago and was astounded by the number of drug companies giving things—writing pads, pens, and tape holders, but also lab coats and stethoscopes—at the trade exhibit. Much of the scientific meeting was devoted to drug studies. I spoke at the only session that year on dietary issues. And Coca-Cola sponsored a session on sugars in diabetes.
Mrs. Deen’s food is best eaten in moderation. She would do more for her own health and that of her fans if she used her television presence to promote healthier lifestyles.
Marion Nestle is the author of What To Eat and is the Paulette Goddard Professor of Nutrition, Food Studies, and Public Health at New York University. Nestle blogs regularly at Food Politics where this post first appeared.